Synonyms for confirmability in Free Thesaurus. To successfully complete this learning unit, you will be expected to: 1. Qualitative research describes social phenomena as they occur naturally. Lincoln and Guba describe a series of techniques that can be used to conduct qualitative research that achieves the criteria they outline. There are numerous articles about trustworthiness in the literature that are too complex, confusing, and full of jargon. Author C T Beck 1 Affiliation 1 University of Rhode Island, Kingston. An audit trail also took place to examine the processes whereby data were collected and analyzed and interpretations were made. A) The reliability of data over time B) Objectivity of the interpretation of the data C) Applicability of the data to other groups D) Confidence in the truth value of the data. Confirmability - a degree of neutraility or the extent to which the findings of a study are shaped by the respondents and not researcher bias, motivation, or interest. Discuss some controversies relating to the issue of quality in qualitative research Identify the quality criteria proposed in a major framework for evaluating quality and integrity in qualitative research Discuss strategies for enhancing quality in qualitative research Describe different dimensions relating to the interpretation of qualitative results Define new terms in the chapter Key Terms… Qualitative content analysis is used mostly when the researcher wants to analyze qualitative data. Qualitative research just as personal knowing, is a dynamic process. In qualitative research data analysis is the most complex part of study. Confirmability refers to the degree to which the results could be confirmed or corroborated by others. In qualitative research, the parallel process to refining the instrument rests primarily with researcher reflexivity. Qualitative research, intended to generate knowledge grounded in human experience (Sandelowski, 2004), has established a distinctive place in research literature.As qualitative research becomes increasingly recognized and valued, it is imperative to conduct it in a rigorous and methodical manner to yield meaningful and useful results (Attride-Stirling, 2001). 17) qualitative research refers to any kind of research that produces findings not arrived by means of statistical procedures or other means of quantification. OBJECTIVES. Qualitative research is designed to explore the human elements of a given topic, while specific qualitative methods examine how individuals see and experienc This is a process to establish whether the researcher has been bias during the study; this is due to the assumption that qualitative research allows the research to bring a unique perspective to the study. When addressing issues of rigour in qualitative nursing research, confirmability is determined by an audit trail where signposts indicating research decisions and influences are present throughout the study, so that another person can confirm the findings identified by the researcher (Koch, 1994). Identify and explain threats to credibility, dependability, confirmability, and transferability. Antonyms for confirmability. Qualitative research must be reflective, maintaining a sense of awareness and openness to the study and results. 2. Thus, credibility in qualitative research is said to correspond to internal validity in quantitative approaches, transferability to ex-Figure 1. Further, as qualitative research evolves and transforms the understanding of phenomena, the strategies for evaluating credibility may evolve and change, as well. The approach to sampling differs significantly in quantitative and qualitative research. Confirmability in qualitative research refers to which of the following? There need to be a framework that can help facilitate analysis of the data. that the qualitative researcher may employ to meet them. Confirmability questions how the research findings are supported by the data collected. Qualitative research: the evaluation of its credibility, fittingness, and auditability West J Nurs Res. Trustworthiness is the truth value. Research consumers should critique qualitative research to see how the concepts of credibility, transferability, and confirmability are met in a study. The more self-aware and forthright the researcher is, the better the audience can understand the perspective of the research. Qualitative Research Social Science and Global Health Website. The researcher can document the procedures for checking and rechecking the data throughout the study. This criterion has to do with the level of confidence that the research study’s findings are based on the participants’ narratives and words rather than potential researcher biases. The strategies advocated are based on the experience gained by Shenton when undertaking a qualitative PhD study devoted to the information-seeking behaviour of school-aged children [5]. Lincoln and Guba (1985) used “trustworthiness” of a study as the naturalist’s equivalent for internal validation, external validation, reliability, and objectivity. The researcher needs a self-critical attitude, taking into account how his or her preconceptions affect the research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. In a qualitative research, researchers often engage with flexible realities where the subjective views of respondents may shape the research frame and the whole process of …. This is so for qualitative health education research as well. Paradigm-specific and transcendent trustworthiness criteria. Evaluating qualitative research presents unique challenges not encountered with quantitative research. However, validity in qualitative research might have different terms than in quantitative research. Validity has had a contentious history in qualitative research. Methodological issues with case study research . There are four aspects of trustworthiness that qualitative researchers must establish: credibility, dependability, transferability, and confirmability. Confirmability in Qualitative Research is founded on the acknowledgment that research is never objective. It is concerned with the opinions, experiences and feelings of individuals, thereby producing subjective data. This can be achieved by means of a confirmability audit that includes an audit trail of raw data, analysis notes, reconstruction, and synthesis products, process notes, personal notes, as well as preliminary developmental information (Lincoln & Guba, 1985). 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