Julia Morton who wrote a book on plants that poison people in Florida and other warm places was iffy. The certain native range encompasses the tropics and subtropics of the Americas, Melanesia, New Guinea, and Australia. Solanum americanum is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Old timers and 0ld deer hunters pointed out this plant to me. What that means is do not experiment on your own. Today, I was determined to find some internet information on the Tamil malathangalikkai which I find growing in many places in the US. please help as i’m ‘dying’ to try one. S. ptycanthum … “…50 to 110 small flat seeds and 4 to 8 small, hard, irregular stone-like crumbs.” What are “stone-like crumbs”? I have been eating the ripe berries for a while now. I am pretty sure mine are edible. I try to be deligent about culling it, but they tend to pop up here and there. Are you sure of your plant’s identification? Your article confirms what I had eaten last week is safe. no one talks about the size of night shade! But if I had to make a guess that would be it. Looking closely at the flowers, the petals are revealed to be folded backwards, an indication you are looking at the mellow-flavored Solanum ptychanthum aka American nightshade. It competes with vegetable crops, lowers crop yield and quality, and in some cases can interfere with the harvest. I was surprised that it smelled like a tomato and went online to find out what it is. Have you got any ideas? The green berries have no white flecks but I don’t remember reddish undersides when small. I got turned on to eating them after buying some ‘Wonderberries’ seeds, i.e. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Disclaimer: Information contained on this website is strictly and categorically intended as a reference to be used in conjunction with experts in your area. The composition of 100 g edible portion of “African” nightshade leaves (I presume S. nigrum) is water 87.8 g, 39 calories, protein 3.2 g, fat 1g, carbs 6.4 g, fiber 2.2 g, calcium 200 mg, potassium 54 mg, iron 0.3 mg,  beta carotene 3.7 mg, ascorbic acid 24 mg. I believe I have the plant, I bit into the berry, super seedy, infact almost nothing but seeds, like a BB sized tomato packed with seeds(seeds similar to tomato seeds), but no “crumbs”. Orchards, vineyards, crop fields, pastures, gardens, yards, fields, roadsides and other disturbed, unmanaged sites. I am a descendant of the Volga Germans that settled around Hays Kansas (and introduced Russian red wheat to the Great Plains). Anyone who’s done some foraging has seen the “Black Nightshade”  also called the “Common Nightshade” and (DRUM ROLLLLLLLLL) the “Deadly Nightshade.” It’s one to four feet tall, oval to diamond shaped leaves, with and without large blunt teeth, little white star-like flowers with yellow cores followed by green berries that turn shiny black, larger than a BB, smaller than a pea. Leaves look similar to a lamsquarter. Flowers are small, usually two to five grouped together in a small umbel-like arrangement (from one point) on a short stalk (peduncle) sticking out from the side of the stem rather than from the axil (where the leaf meets the stem.) 1) The S. americanum has green berries flecked with white. With a living local guinea pig alive I had to give them a try. It is commonly and mistakenly called ‘Deadly nightshade’ which is a completely different plant (although in the same solanum family) with the name Atropa bella-donna, deadly poisonous but extremely rare in NZ. It actually is similar in size the bush that has the nigrum berries. A few minutes ago I ate a black shiny berry with no immediate ill affects. Under cultivation leaves and stem tops are regularly harvested. METHOD OF PREPARATION: Ripe berries raw or cooked, young leaves, stem tops boiled twice, 15 minutes each time. Leaves are fragile, with lots bug holes. Americanum means of America, nigrum means black, and ptychanthum is from two Greek words meaning “folded flower.”  Villosum is hairy and retroflexum means bent backwards. Sandy. Edible strain of Black Nightshade? Some of them have more jagged edges leaves, not smooth like the poisonous variety, but some have smooth leaves. I’ve grown up eating the berries in spite of everyone say not to back in RUSSIA! I only had been told they were poisonous. As soon as I saw nightshade, I began to wonder is it poisonous even though I ate three of them. This is what I see growing all over Indiana. A third says the Indians, like the Cherokee and the Catabwa, ate the leaves of the S. ptycanthum and held them in high esteem. I did try one and I am still alive. I haven’t plucked up the courage to try eating the berries that have started ripening here at the end of July in Southeast Texas. I’ve never felt sick or confused or otherwise Ill. Mind you, they are very, very bitter, and are generally used only rarely, but I’ve eaten them in sour gravies. How long they boil them is not reported. tiny tiny white flowers. In fact, let me include what soon-to-be PhD and author Delena Tull writes in her book, When Europeans arrived they saw the native nightshades. Mature fruits of detach at the junction of the pedicel and peduncle (where the stem of the berry meets the stem it was growing on.) The fruits are red when ripe and the flowers purple, though the most notable thing is a very strong unpleasant smell, more like cleaning products than anything else. You just boil water salt the water and throw it in and cook the young tender leaves until it is dark green. Tasted just like a tomato. Thanks Again. I eat the berries right off the plant when fully ripe. The plant is native around the Tropical Pacific and Indian Oceans, including Hawaiʻi, Indochina, Madagascar and … It forms thick vines and could be climbable. If it makes a tomato happy it will make a black nightshade happy. The state of Louisiana has made possession of the plant illegal. And they grow in an umbel cluster…. The Mansfeld’s Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops also says the cooked leaves and ripe fruit are edible. I’ve had a couple these berries at once without any effect. In Europe the varieties are poisonous, but in Africa , Asia and Indonesia , the plant is used like a leafy green vegetable, such as kale or Swiss chard. However, certain poisonous varieties, such as black henbane, mandrake, and deadly belladonna, can cause skin irritation and rashes when touched. Do you know anything about it? I don’t recommend the yellow berries either. Lambsquarters usually have a white dusting, the nightshade does not. The young tender leaves were washed in salt water, then boiled only once but for about 23 minutes. Meaningful? We’ve blogged about the confusion between the edible Solanum nigrum and the toxic “deadly nightshade” or Atropa belladonna in a post last year. This product is so prized that Tamils returning to the US from a visit to Tamilnadu invariably come back with packets of this sun-dried product. Thanks! And now that I have read this article I have noticed what looks like S. americanum in other parts of my neighborhood and those can’t possibly be from the Huckleberries I had planted :). The stem is NOT very hairy. I nibbled & spit out a shiny black berry and found no crumbs, a mild tomato flavor, and 70-80 tiny 2mm, soft, green teardrop shaped seeds with black on the rounded ends. What other plants might be mistaken for S. americanum or S. ptychanthum? That said, 99.9999999 of white berries are NOT edible. Foraging should never begin without the guidance and approval of a local plant specialist. Some foraging books will tell you it is very edible and the dangers overrated; some will say it will kill you, don’t eat it. They are small, low gangibg, sort sprawling plants, but new this year. Interesting. I’d like to send you a picture but it wont attach to this response box, is there an email address I can send it to? Is this typical or is it another plant? To say it is a foggy, foraging family is an understatement. My mother says she use to eat the berries when she was young, but hesitates today because so many people are saying it’s poisonous. They are almost as big as a cherry tomato, and very prolific so if they were edible that would be awesome. Generally said a Black Nightshade plant can produce up to 178,000 seeds per plant. [12] In Transkei, rural people have a high incidence of esophageal cancer thought to be a result of using S.americanum as a food. All parts of the Black Nightshade (Solanum nigrum) plant are poisonous if consumed incorrectly. Did he basicly say that it’s OK (for him) to eat to eat the ripe berries, as long as they aren’t green or yellow? We know the plant does contain a toxic alkaloid. Survived them. The latter appeals to me but if the S. ptycanthum is a hybrid with the old world S. nigrum and not a native, how long was it around for the Indians to discover it, use it, and hold it in high esteem? Then I learned of a local grocery store manager from Cuba who ate the ripe berries whenever he found them. I am only speculating about the information gap we have. That sounds like the Bittersweet nightshade, quite toxic. They are growing with our tomatoes plants. On ripening they turn SHINY black. Here in Florida it fruits nearly all year long. Rockport Texas. [7] It can be confused with other black nightshade species in the Solanum nigrum complex.[8]. Edible – The fully ripe black berries are edible and were eaten by the Hawaiians. The Solanum nigrum, one to three feet high, has dull black fruit — dull that’s important — and the fruit is larger than S. americanum. Because they resembled the Black Nightshades in the Old World they were considered variations of the Old World nightshades and were called … Black Nightshades … all of them. Then she reports a sick horse may have grazed on the foliage. They’re quite tasty. Solanum americanum, commonly known as American black nightshade,[3] small-flowered nightshade[4] or glossy nightshade is a herbaceous flowering plant of wide though uncertain native range. I collected sone ripe berries to try to gain sime seeds for next spring. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Thus unlike say Solanum americanum whose green berries go from toxic to non-toxic as they ripen and turn black, the green berries of the S. carolinense do the opposite. Or do they think it is a hybrid from tens of thousands of years ago, just as they think the S. americanum originated in Australia? They grow as a weed. Just eating them at the wrong time. In my garden I’ve reared a weed which has established itself in a pot 25cm high neighbouring an ornamental cactus. As an example they cite the potato which produces toxic green skin potatoes sometimes depending upon the growing conditions. At this point, I needed to know what the green berry was called in the western world. Native peoples had it sorted out well long before there were botanists. Eating the leaves raw can make you sick. The difference between the species is minor and can be just a little coloring on the seedlings. I must say that small birds play a good role in decreasing the harvest. I don’t double boil the leaves either. The latter used to blossom seasonally giving a beautiful scarlet red flower. Well now Im keeping this particular nightshade knowing its therapeutic uses. Furthermore, this plant can be easily mistaken for its always-poisonous and very deadly sister plant, Deadly Nightshade. I have not eaten a cup of them at a time or baked a pie like Euell Gibbons, but as a trail side nibble the ripe berries have proven quite edible, though the flavor varies from musty to sweet. Today, I popped a developed tiny, shiny, black berry between my fingers and just tasted it, was not sour nor sweet, refreshing, I live in the Central Valley of California, they are housing ladybug larve on some, so they will stay. [8] The green fruit is particularly poisonous and eating unripe berries has caused the death of children. The others have smooth stems, but no red or maroon color under the leaves. Asked August 30, 2020, 11:01 AM EDT. [12] Livestock can also be poisoned by high nitrate levels in the leaves. That juice also breaks down proteins. So while boiling once may work this year, it might not work next year. And am happy to report I’ve never got sick, but in truth I don’t eat all that many at any one time. My email address is sam739is@hotmail.com. The toxin levels may also be affected by the plant's growing conditions. Then some months later some more plants sprouted in the same location as where I had grown the Huckleberries. This article saved it from me pulling it out and throwing it away. The ripe shinny black berries are edible. They boil the leaves then use them as the basis for a salad. Bruised leaves used externally to ease pain and reduce inflammation, also  applies to burns and ulcers. However, in King County, it is classified as a Weed of Concern and control is recommended, especially in natural areas that are being restored to native vegetation and along stream banks where nightshade can interfere with fish habitat.For more information about noxious weed regulations and definitions, see N… I recognized the flower as nightshade and the leaves look a lot like Solanum americanum but… I understand that the South American’s put this into soup and I’m sure they wouldn’t sell it if it were poisonous but would love to know if you have ever heard of this. There are about 2,000 seeds to a gram. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Let’s look at our main three: 1) A native first called S. nigrum then S. nigrum var. Tons of it used to grow up all the buildings. I always thought the fruits were bigger. They also grow in an umbel cluster, that is, the stems of the berries all go back to generally ONE central point. It is dark green and bushy in its appearence with many branches and can grow to over 1m in height.The plant produces many small white flowers and round green to black berries (green berries are NOT edible). Don’t die trying to be healthy. I have eaten it in Karnataka, New Delhi Pune, Wisconsin, Cincinnati, Texas, Alabama and in Florida with no ill effect ever. But as time passed botanists had different opinions and the names were changed, or worse combined, such as Solanum nigrum var. These experts also say the berries of each are edible when totally ripe, either raw and cooked. (DON”T TRY IT!) Next, in Africa they boil the leaves of the S. nigrum twice. He did not boil them a second time because he thought he had the leaves of a totally different plant. The protein is rich in methionine. Thank you. Just wondering if Solanum elaeagnifolium is edible or has any medicinal uses? Cheers It is a species that one is not born with the enzyme to help digest it so the first time it is eaten the liver has to make a new enzyme and that might be a bother to some folks. They need to be black/dark-purple/dark-blue, and not taste bad, right? No doubt most Americans should eat more raw foods, but that doesn’t mean every food should be eaten raw! So glad to have found this site. The composition of 100 g edible portion of “African” nightshade leaves (I presume. I remember feeling sad they were poison because the vines were always so loaded with berries and the birds seem to enjoy them. “Black nightshade,” Solanum nigrum, on the other hand, is edible. I have even saved the seeds from amaranth and lamb's quarters and planted them intentionally in the garden. Here’s my experience. We love this as a green that taste like no other. Any ideas? Green Solanum americanum berries are toxic. There are different varieties of edible black nightshade, solanum nigrum, and they don't all have the same shaped leaves. It seems like this has solved it. I have succeeded most times in finding the information I am looking for about plants. She believes my plants, here in northern Wisconsin, to be the same as was in Laos I’ve eaten leaves with no ill affects. Garden huckleberry is grown as an edible leaf crop within parts of Africa. I have not found any ethnobotanical reference to it at all, read what if anything the native used it for. I am a raw vegan, and I have eaten the Black nightshade Black ripe berries and raw leaves in salads and smoothies and juices and I live, I think it needs more investigating.. “The toxicity of the species is quite variable in different varieties and in different parts of the world. I have a plant that seems to match the description…the pulp inside the ripe berry is GREEN. So, of course, once I discovered that the plant was filled with toxic solanine and not at all good for goats to eat… and that the berries, when ripe, are apparently edible by humans (this is good, because I caught the two-year-old with a mouthful and almost had a heart attack)… I became overwhelmed with the desire to eat them. Because they resembled the Black Nightshades in the Old World they were considered variations of the Old World nightshades and were called … Black Nightshades … all of them. Thanks. I’ve been eating the berries of the black nightshade that grows everywhere here in Houston for years, ever since my Tamil wife pointed out they used it all the time. Hi! The potted plant below the sign was Solanum nigrum not Atropa belladonna. This is later fried in oil and eaten with hot rice and oil. ENVIRONMENT:  Will tolerated sand and dry conditions but prefers well cultivated and rich soil. Then there were reports of toxicity, which makes some sense if you were calling non-Black Nightshades Black Nightshades, essentially inducting non-edibles into the edible group. Its leaves are used as a green, boiled twice or more like pokeweed. Hey, just wanted to say I appreciate the detailed article, it’s been the most helpful resource I’ve found online in determining whether this thing in my yard is gonna poison me. Some still say yes, some still say no. Poisonous – The green berries are poisonous and contain solanine along with other nightshade toxins. Delena’s book is well done and well-considered so her comment carries weight, though I was surprise to see her take that view. The Solanum americanum has alternating leaves that are hairy underneath, particularly at the edges. This is my first summer at my current Saginaw residence. Three reasons. It is also in medical use. I come from Kenya and this plant is a delicacy for us. When Europeans arrived they saw the native nightshades. Euell Gibbons reports using the ripe berries in pies and numerous other references indicate that the ripe cooked fruit may be safe. I guess I am confused.. my plants don’t have any red or purple on the leaves. My problem is how to identify the sweet berries from which I can gain much – at least to make jam. To say it is a foggy, foraging family is an understatement. I’ll skip the mention of herbivores like rabbits that eat their ‘night droppings’ in order to digest the plant matter consumed more efficiently…, Great article Deane, I have a fairly large S. americanum in my backyard next to my Merremia tuberosa, let it be thinking the birds eat the berries, I just recently now have seen a “mocking bird” eat a few berries, but others aren’t so brave, I just found out today this plant was Nightshade, I took 30 or 40 berries at a time (black ones) they taste funny, not like any other fruit, but there have been no side effects, but I have no allergies. “. Then even more careful botanists got rid of some of the names and said they weren’t Black Nighshades at all and were not Old World variations. The flower is star-shaped, white or white tinged with purple with a yellow star, often streaked with purple when growing in cold temperatures. These are not really a bush, since bushes, aka shrubs, have woody stems. They tell me the names of them in my native language but I could never find out what they are called here. Copyright 2007-2018 – This web page is the property of Green Deane, LLC. Could the supplier have possibly sent Deadly Nightshade seeds by mistake? Seeds production is extremely high due to low germination rate. Wow! I would like to find a source for S. americanum seed. Are the undersides of S. ptycanthum only reddish when the whole plant is young, or will new growth present this reddening? Again, thanks for the photos and descriptions. Its my favorite! Thank you for such a thoughtfully produced, detailed website! I have no answer. That species is a puzzle. It would be a good idea to find someone who knows your native plants. When details like that are left out one sometimes wonders how comprehensive some “botanists” are. The berry contains 50 to 100 seeds. The number of seeds per berry is not much – may not exceed 10 . From the description, I believe I have S. ptycanthum. Blackberry Nightshade is an erect short lived perennial taprooted shrub. I highly recommend not to eat the black fruit or any old leaves. In West Central West Virginia and just following a flood i have just come across your article in trying to identify what has taken over my seed greenhouse , Apparently in the few months it has taken us to clean the rest of the farm it has been nightshades delight in propagating in the climate controlled environment . Some maples are very small trees or shrubs that tend to have a bushy form with many small trunks. Although there isn’t a whole lot of mass or flavor to them. American nightshade berries are never yellow. The color was beautiful purple. April 27, 2005. He ended up with a headache. We use them in specific gravies (not throw them into any gravy). We also sun-dry them after marinating them in salted buttermilk (water added to yogurt and churned with a hand-held wooden churner into a smooth liquid). 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Whole lot of mass or flavor to them eating the ripe berries raw or cooked, young,... Cultivated worldwide for their culinary value and versatility and live in Australia and this plant be. Of caution and in some cases can interfere with the black seed when! Variety with purple flowers, red berries, arranged along the stem can easily... Cases can interfere with the black fruit is edible or toxic poisonous variety, but I., deadly nightshade seeds by mistake profess confusion though I ate a black shiny berry with no immediate ill....

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