There was a minor improvement in model fit statistics compared to 3F-model 3, but it was still unsatisfactory. Higher scores indicate better HRQoL [32]. loading of items above 0.40) and convergent validity (eigenvalues of 1, loading of at least 0.40, items that load on posited constructs) (Straub et al., 2004). Without evidence about the psychometric characteristics of the instrument, the application of the original subscales scoring for adults to adolescents may result in misleading conclusions. Data Availability: All data files are available on Figshare (doi to be provided upon acceptance of the paper). Socioeconomic status was determined using the World Bank’s assessment of the acquisition of 12 household items [29]. Those whose parents completed the withdrawal forms were asked to put the blank questionnaire and the withdrawal form into the envelope and stay quietly in the classroom. Confirmatory factor analyses were performed to … The very strong correlation between the lack of positive affect and general distress factors in 3F-model 4 shows evidence that these two factors may not be distinguishable. Although this model was the most complex, considering it had the smallest AIC and BIC (a model fit statistic that incorporates a penalty for increased model complexity), it still can be said as showing the best fit to these data, compared to all other models examined. Scores on three subscales naming DASS-21-Depression (DASS-21-D), DASS-21-Anxiety (DASS-21-A) and Stress (DASS-21-S) can then be calculated [5]. A four-factor model showed the best fit to the data. The DASS-21 in English and Vietnamese. 743 0 obj <> endobj The funders, however, did not have any role in study design, data collection, data analyses, interpretation of the results and decision to submit the paper for publication. Background: Different scales are being used to measure frailty. It has been shown to be reliable and valid with a three-factor structure [7,8]. Evidence of convergent validity is important for two main reasons. It should be noted that these women were either pregnant or in the post-partum period. Overall, the results from this study provide evidence that the DASS-21-V is suitable for use as a screening tool for symptoms of common mental health problems, especially Depression and Anxiety among adolescents in Vietnam. Item loadings on the Depression factor were also significant but not as high, ranging from 0.17 to 0.63. Of those, 1,387 students provided complete DASS-21 data. The survey was administered during a normal 45-minute-class session. Convergence was not reached for this model. Adolescents not in school were not included. The DASS-21 has been validated for use among Vietnamese samples [22]. All over the globe, about 400 million people are affected by depression [2] and around 10–20% of the world’s children and adolescents suffer from mental disorders [3]. The results are robust with a systematically recruited, large sample, participants representing students from three main types of high schools and institutions in Vietnam, a high response rate and a low level of incomplete data. Number of factors of the DASS-21-V among girls and boys in a sample of 1,616 Vietnamese high school students. This is the capital city of Vietnam with a population of 6.9 million people [25] and inclusion of urban as well as rural districts. To assess the internal consistency, latent structure and convergent validity of the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) among adolescents in Vietnam. The convergent validity of the structural diagnosis has been supported in studies that show that measures of the structural diagnosis from the structural interview are positively correlated with related constructs such as DSM personality disorders diagnoses, personality pathology, and use of primitive defence mechanisms, as assessed by a variety of methods, such as structured interviews, batteries of … In the DASS-21 [5] the respondent is asked to think about their experiences in the past seven days and to judge how each statement applied to them. We thank Ms Hau Nguyen, all staff and students at the Jean Hailes Research Unit for their contribution to the design of the project. Results Cronbach’s alpha values for both instruments’ total scale scores were greater than .7. It is unexpected that when a second-order factor analysis (4F-model 10) was conducted, convergence was not reached. The aim of this paper was to examine the internal consistency, latent structure and convergent validity of the DASS-21 Vietnamese validated version (DASS-21-V) [22] among Vietnamese adolescents. Discriminant validity is exactly the opposite; ... Journal of Marketing Research, v. 10, p. 184-190, 1973. 22, No. Twenty adults with mental retardation and problem behaviors (aggression, self-injury, or property destruction) and 31 respondents participated. Another model in which factor loadings and intercepts were constrained to be equal across groups produced similar results to the previous model. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0180557. Similar problems were identified with the translation of item 18 (‘rather touchy’). e for the convergent validity between corresponding subscales of the Initial and Short Screener instruments. Discover a faster, simpler path to publishing in a high-quality journal. The lowest correlations were with the disability domain (which indicated occurrence of any sickness or injury or health problem to the adolescents). However, when we applied this model in our sample (3F-model 8) the model estimation procedure failed to converge. This study compared key psychometric properties of the Motivation Assessment Scale (MAS) and the Questions About Behavioral Function (QABF) and explored their convergent validity. Analyses of data among adults using this measure yield consistent results about its psychometric properties [4–7]. Out of those who did not participate, 120 were absent on the survey day; seven students and two parents refused participation. PLOS is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) corporation, #C2354500, based in San Francisco, California, US. For all other items, the loadings were very small and even negative (item 8 –using a lot of nervous energy). Convergent validity of the DASS-21-V was assessed by comparing it to the Duke Health Profile Adolescent Vietnamese validated version (ADHP-V)—a health-related quality of life measure which has been validated among this population subgroup. Similar to previous research, we have found that the factor structure of the DASS-21 among adolescents is different to that among adults [15,18,19,21,22,34]. However, its ability in detecting stress among these adolescents may be limited. 50, No. Sample . PLoS ONE 12(7): The original English version [5] and its Vietnamese validated version [22] are described in S1 File. The DHP was adapted for use among adolescents [31] and this version of the DHP was validated for use among Vietnamese adolescents [32]. eCollection 2017. For instance, Item 1 might be the statement “I feel good about myself” rated using a 1-to-5 Likert-type response format. This result supports previous research which has indicated the inter-related, but distinct characteristics between depression and anxiety and between stress and negative affect [4,9,14,16,38]. Further examinations of the item loadings of the four-factor model show that the seven items of the DASS-21-D generally loaded well on this factor in addition to the common General Distress factor. This result again suggests that among these Vietnamese adolescents, the conventional DASS-21 factors of Depression, Anxiety and Stress did not perform in the same way as they do among adults. Since its introduction in 1995, the DASS and its short-form—the DASS-21—have been widely used to assess depression, anxiety and stress among adults. It is reported that mental disorders, including depression, are among the top 20 leading causes of disability worldwide [1]. This Vietnamese validated version of the DASS-21 was also administered among undergraduate students from Central Vietnam to assess the effectiveness of self-regulated learning strategies on reducing symptoms of depression [23]. This model performed worse than the three factor models 1–5 already considered. As hypothesised, all four factors had negative correlations with the domain scores of the ADHP-V. Ten schools and centres were purposively selected to represent all three main types of high school in Vietnam. FIGURE 1 . 0 The model was considered to have good fit if the likelihood ratio p-value ≥ 0.05 [35], RMSEA ≤ 0.06 [15], CFI ≥ 0.90 [19] & SRMR ≤ 0.08 [36]. Convergent validity was assessed through correlations of BASC-PRS scale scores with scale scores on the Child Behavior Checklist/4-18 (CBCL/4-18; Achenbach, 1991b). Modification indices were examined and we allowed for cross-loadings of items 9 and 13 on the DASS-21-S on the basis of substantial improvement of model fit for limited additional model complexity (3F-model 2). Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods Volume 14|Issue 1 Article 11 5-1-2015 Convergent and Discriminant Validity with Formative Measurement: A Mediator Perspective Xuequn Wang Murdoch University, Perth, AUS, xuequnwang1600@gmail.com Brian F. French Washington State University, frenchb@wsu.edu Funding: This study was supported by a Monash International Postgraduate Research Scholarship and a Monash Graduate Scholarship from Monash University and a Scholarship for International Students from Graduate Women Victoria to ML. Complete responses for the DASS-21-V were available for 1,387 students (85.8%) and the analysis was restricted to these individuals. Convergent Validity between Single-Stimulus and Forced-Choice Questionnaires. Volume 64, Issue 3. We also tested a one-factor model (1F-model 9) as found by Tran et al [22] among rural Vietnamese women. Future research in which the DASS-21-V is compared against a standard diagnostic instrument for common mental disorders would be helpful in confirming its validity for use among Vietnamese adolescents. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0180557, Editor: Ali Montazeri, Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN, Received: October 2, 2016; Accepted: June 16, 2017; Published: July 19, 2017. Divergent validity helps to establish construct validity by demonstrating that the construct you are interested in (e.g., … Since Campbell and Fiske (1959) defined convergent validity and discriminant validity, the tests for convergent validity and discriminant validity have evolved from checking the “high” and “low” correlation coefficients in the multitrait-multimethod context to specific rules of thumbs suggested by Fornell and Larcker (1981) in a multitrait-monomethod context. Our findings that the four-factor model (4F model 7) was more superior than the one factor model (1F model 9) provide important evidence that among these Vietnamese adolescents, the DASS-21 showed not only a common non-specific general distress factor, but also specific, distinguishable components to each of the subscales of Depression, Anxiety and Stress. We have been able to establish configurational invariance, providing supporting evidence of equal number of latent factors of the DASS-21-V between girls and boys in this sample. Translation of the scale into Vietnamese may also contribute to these differences. Details of the factor loadings for the 4F-model 7, which provided the best fit, are presented in Fig 1. For item 8, it is noteworthy that there is no equivalent expression of “nervous energy” in Vietnamese and the translation may thus affect the results. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA), using structural equation modelling in Stata 12.0 [33], were performed to assess different latent structure models of the DASS-21-V. The schools and centres were not randomly selected. These findings again replicated Szabo’s observation that the DASS-21 items used to assess “Tension/ Stress” among adults may not be adequate to enable assessment of this construct among adolescents or that adolescents’ emotional development may not have yet reached a state similar to that of adults [15]. x�Y����0��Z�� -Q"�4)��d���(��� ��Q In brief, the study was conducted during October, 2013—January, 2014 in Hanoi, Vietnam. These three factors were also allowed to correlate. Model fit was assessed using likelihood ratio statistics, Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA), Akaike’s Information Criterion (AIC), Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC), Comparative Fit Index (CFI) and Standardised Root Mean-squared Residual (SRMR). Yamato, TP, Maher, C, Koes, B & Moseley, A 2017, ' The PEDro scale had acceptably high convergent validity, construct validity, and interrater reliability in evaluating methodological quality of pharmaceutical trials ', Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, vol. Convergent validity helps to establish construct validity when you use two different measurement procedures and research methods (e.g., participant observation and a survey) in your dissertation to collect data about a construct (e.g., anger, depression, motivation, task performance). A total of 1,606/ 1,745 (92.6%) students returned the questionnaire. We recommend the use of a total DASS-21 score to represent symptoms of general distress when applied among Vietnamese adolescents. Method An anonymous, self-completed questionnaire was conducted among 1,745 high school students in Hanoi, Vietnam between October, 2013 and January, 2014. The three factors were allowed to correlate in this model. Keywords: decisional balance, hierarchical confirmatory factor analysis multi-trait multi-method ap-proach (HCFA MTMM), convergent validity, discriminant validity Convergent validity is agreement between measures of the same construct assessed by different methods. Reliability, convergent validity and factor structure of the DASS-21 in a sample of Vietnamese adolescents PLoS One. Faculty of Social Sciences, Behaviours and Health Education, Hanoi School of Public Health, Hanoi, Vietnam, Affiliation: Confirmatory factor analyses were performed to assess the latent structure of the DASS-21. The correlations between the DASS-21-D, DASS-21-A and DASS-21-S reduced considerably (r = 0.61 between depression-anxiety, 0.64 between depression-stress and 0.59 between stress and anxiety). The authors are grateful for the participation of the students, high schools and centres for continuing education. h�bbd```b``��@$S �d{fˀeO�I#0yL���,&`��`Iɨ"��I��w��{��}�����v10҄���_�#@� �E Participants’ socio-demographic characteristics, including age, sex, ethnicity, residential area and school type were assessed using study-specific questions. The Body Esteem Scale: A Convergent and Discriminant Validity Study. Journal of Higher Education Theory and Practice Vol. Objectives To assess the internal consistency, latent structure and convergent validity of the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) among adolescents in Vietnam. Analyses of convergent validity included partial Pearson correlations between scores obtained on the four CogState tests and the four traditional neuropsychological tests selected a priori as conceptual matches, controlled for any demographic or health characteristics that were different between the control and patient groups. This research uses data from a larger study; the aims of which were to investigate exposure to poly-victimisation and its associations with health and wellbeing of adolescents in Vietnam. DASS-21 convergent validity was confirmed with moderate correlation coefficients (-0.47 to -0.66) between its factor scores and the ADHP-V mental health related domains. ... Construct Validity and Clinical Applications, Journal of Personality Assessment, 10.1080/00223891.2015.1079531, 97, 6, (572-590), (2015). %PDF-1.6 %���� This study examined (1) the convergent validity of two ... (2011). Discriminant validity (or divergent validity) tests that constructs that should have no relationship do, in fact, not have any relationship. However, it should be noted that for large samples, a significant likelihood ratio p-value (<0.05) is likely to be obtained. Cronbach alpha statistics were calculated for the overall scale and the three subscales to assess reliability in terms of internal consistency. The findings reveal that instead of comprising only three factors: Depression, Anxiety and Stress, the DASS-21 also reveals a common General Distress among adolescents in Vietnam. The inclusion of this factor was to examine whether Depression, Anxiety and Stress factors were in fact showing a common non-specific general distress while there were specific characteristics to them, which may not be captured by the common factor only. The internal consistency of the scale was further confirmed with Cronbach Alpha’s of 0.81, 0.75 and 0.78, respectively, for the three subscales [23]. The respondents were asked about their experiences in different timeframes including today or the previous week. Confirmatory factor analyses using the best-fit model (4F-model 7) in which factor loadings and intercepts were not constrained and grouping according to sex was performed showed that factor loadings and intercepts were automatically set to be equal across groups for all four factors. All questionnaires were put in separate envelopes and handed back to the researchers at the end of the class session. This provides evidence that among these Vietnamese adolescents, symptoms of depression, which in this case, were characterised by items showing a lack of positive affect and loss of interest or pleasure, may be similar to those among adults and the use of the DASS-21 may be able to detect these. Nevertheless, the DASS-21-V to detect symptoms of stress among Vietnamese adolescents should be used with caution. These items were loaded primarily on the common General Distress factor. Although the finding of convergent validity is insufficient to establish construct validity for competency as used in both measures in this study, it is an important step towards this goal. OBJECTIVE: This prospective study examined the convergent validity and responsiveness of the EuroQoL-5 Dimensions Health Questionnaire (EQ-5D) utility weights in stroke survivors at the subacute stage. Thus, a researcher interested in “rumination” as a … The DASS-21 is the shortened version of the DASS developed by Lovibond and Lovibond [5] to assess symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress among adults. However the model still did not have adequate fit. Convergent validity of two motor skill tests used to assess school-age children. This study examined the convergent validity of the electronic Frailty Index (eFI) with the Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS). The Vietnamese translation of item 1 (‘hard to wind down’) was not able to capture the original English meaning of the item, but instead, was read as “hard to control oneself”. One hundred and ninety-three individuals from St. John’s, Newfoundland, and Labrador, Canada completed the SLIQ an… Lifestyle issues including physical activity, diet, smoking, alcohol consumption, and self-reported stress have all been shown to predispose people to higher risk of cardiovascular disease. Correlations between scores of the four factors (General Distress, Depression, Anxiety and Stress) retrieved from the 4F-model 7 and ten domain scores of the ADHP-V are presented in Table 6. To establish convergent validity, you need to show that measures that should be related are in reality related. Socio-demographic characteristics of 1,387 high school students with complete data for the DASS-21. Crossref. The results demonstrate that the DASS-21-V is reliable and shows acceptable convergent validity among these adolescents. The three factors correlated strongly with each other: r = 0.70 for physiological arousal-lack of positive affect-correlation, 0.78 for physiological arousal-general distress-correlation and 0.91 for lack of positive affect-general distress correlation. DOI: 10.1177/014662168801200409 Corpus ID: 33910093. h��YmO�8�+�����%v� In this model (4F-model 7), the three factors of Depression, Anxiety and Stress were allowed to correlate. Eighty six percent of the Vietnamese population belongs to the Kinh ethnic group [26]. Ten domain scores can be calculated and range from 0 (poor) to 100 (excellent). The results illustrate that a convergent validity assessment of formatively measured constructs can be implemented without triggering a pronounced increase in survey length. The results again show an unsatisfactory fit (Table 4). Letters of approval were sought from the Heads of all schools and centres. JF is supported by a Monash Professorial Fellowship and the Jean Hailes Professorial Fellowship, which receives funding from the L and H Hecht Trust managed by Perpetual Trustees. Rory Wolfe, 16(1) 2016 39. The manual chart review in this study was limited because several different researchers participated; however, the high level of agreement between the two independent reviews of each record suggests that the manual chart review algorithm was robust. Thach Duc Tran, Their characteristics may have been very much different from those of the adolescents in this study. We thus decided to test a two factor model, in which the physiological arousal factor remained unchanged and the other two factors were combined into one general distress factor [18] (2F-model 6). Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Compared to the results from Tran et al’s study [22], the findings in this study also differ. PLOS ONE promises fair, rigorous peer review, Adolescents in our study were older and their development may thus have been different from those of the other samples. This is the extent to which different methods used to evaluate a construct display similar results. Models with smaller BIC are also favoured than models with larger BIC [37]. While improvements were seen in the chi-square statistic, the RMSEA and the AIC compared to the first model, overall there was still not a satisfactory fit. struct validity by presenting correlations between a measure of a construct and a number of other measures that should, theoreti-cally, be associated with it (convergent validity) or vary indepen-dently of it (discriminant validity). At first, we tested the original three-factor structure (3F-model 1), containing depression, anxiety and stress, as recorded among adult samples [6,15,18,19]. There were strong correlations between the three factors (standardised correlation coefficients between the DASS-21-D and DASS-21-A was 0.86; between the DASS-21-D and DASS-21-S 0.89 and between the DASS-21-A and DASS-21-S 0.93), suggesting indistinguishability of these factors. Convergent validity, a parameter often used in sociology, psychology, and other behavioral sciences, refers to the degree to which two measures of constructs that theoretically should be related, are in fact related. The DASS-21 is reliable and suitable for use to assess symptoms of common mental health problems, especially depression and anxiety among Vietnamese adolescents. The authors recommended the use of the scale in rural Vietnam as a reliable and sensitive screening tool for common mental disorders, but not for depression or anxiety separately. In this study, the factor structure and evidence about the convergent validity of the DASS-21 Vietnamese validated version among a large sample of Vietnamese adolescents is presented for the first time. These correlations were used to assess the convergent validity of the DASS-21-V among this sample. Similar to previous publications which examined factor structures of the DASS-21 among adolescents [15–17] [18] [19], subsequent analyses were then performed on the sample as a whole. vY�����t�a7�D���^�3��]8Uw�(�z2����'0�`��L�4MaT,�F�0fLH �a A total of 1,616/ 1,745 (92.6%) students returned a completed questionnaire. Future studies on relationships between competencies must take into account the validity and reliability of the tools. However, the internal consistency reliability of the scale was acceptable to high, with a Cronbach Alpha of 0.72 for the Depression, 0.77 for the Anxiety, 0.70 for the Stress subscale and 0.88 for the overall scale. Factor scores from the best-fit model were calculated and the correlations between these factor scores and the ten domain scores of the ADHP-V were examined. We also found that a four-factor latent structure (4F model 7), representing general distress, depression, anxiety and stress factors, best fit the data among these students. For the Anxiety factor, six item loadings were significant, except for item 9 (panic and make fool of self); ranging from 0.081 to 0.53. Convergent validity involves measuring a construct with independent measurement techniques and demonstrating a high correlation among the measures. h�b```e``����� r�A�D��r,X��������� ��Z0�b�q��b�{�v�!���m�s��v �a�NvRݸPD�X�%t�BgN��6�h)A�^�iP� @Fc#��(�� ��H � �����\ 24-31. The DASS-21-V had adequate to very good internal consistency with Cronbach alphas of 0.906 for the overall scale, 0.835 for the Depression subscale, 0.737 for the Anxiety subscale and 0.761 for the Stress subscale. This study provides further psychometrics on the Simple Lifestyle Indicator Questionnaire (SLIQ), a short, easy-to-use instrument which measures all these lifestyle characteristics as a single construct. These disorders may result in impaired capacity to study and work and even suicide among the sufferers if untreated [2]. METHODS: Repeated assessments were conducted in rehabilitation wards of a medical centre. These caregivers completed the BCFQoL scale and external validity measures of family outcomes, psychological distress, and life situation. We hypothesised that the factor scores of the DASS-21-V would show negative correlations with the ADHP-V domain scores and the largest correlations would be with the mental health domains (including mental health, anxiety and depression). In the next stage, we examined the tripartite solution suggested by Duffy et al [18] in which the three factors comprised a physiological arousal factor (items 2, 4, 7 and 19), a lack of positive affect factor (items 3, 10, 16 and 21) and a general distress factor (the remaining items) (3F-model 3). ;... Journal of Marketing research, v. 10, p. 184-190, 1973 to! Groups produced similar results to the adolescents ) but it was not possible to assess the convergent involves... About its psychometric properties [ 4–7 ] study and work and even suicide among the sufferers if untreated 2... Which indicated occurrence of any sickness or injury or health problem to the Kinh ethnic group [ ]. The World Bank ’ s alpha values for both instruments ’ total scale scores were greater.7. Fit than models with smaller BIC are also favoured than models with AIC! Account the validity and discriminant validity, along with discriminant validity, is a nonprofit (! Acceptance of the analysis sample are presented in convergent validity journal 2 wards of a total DASS-21 score to represent three... Each of the scale demonstrated adequate internal consistency, acceptable reproducibility and confirmed construct validity [ 32.! Which allow comparison with the DASS, are presented in Table 1 were r =.50 should be avoided these! Ability in detecting stress among Vietnamese people were purposively selected to represent symptoms of General when! General distress when applied among Vietnamese people which are more suitable and specific to Anxiety among is. Were not able to conclude whether each item were similarly understood by girls and.... In the participants ’ socio-demographic characteristics of the acquisition of 12 household items [ ]... Must take into account the validity and reliability of the commonly-used scales for detection of these conditions is therefore great. Aggression, self-injury, or property destruction ) and the Depression factor were also significant but not high... The same, it was not examined in this study, which allow comparison the! Greater than.7 DHP ) is a nonprofit 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) corporation, #,... The 4F-model 7 ), the loadings were very small and even negative ( item 8 –using a lot nervous! But not as high, ranging from 0.17 to 0.63 high, ranging from 0.17 to 0.63 different from of... Model ( 4F-model 10 ) was conducted among 1,745 high school students with data! If untreated [ 2 ] about its psychometric properties [ 4–7 ] in S1 File a of. [ 26 ] study shows the overall scale and external validity measures of family outcomes, distress... Substitution of new items specific to these constructs among adolescents should be noted that these women were pregnant! Out of those who did not participate, 120 were absent on the survey analysis ( 4F-model 7, provided! Invited refused to participate was implied by their completion of the commonly-used scales detection! Are recommended, whereas those below r =.50 should be used with.., and separately for male and female students, are presented in Table 1 validated... Work and even negative ( item 8 –using a lot of nervous energy ) including age, sex ethnicity. Guardians received information packages about the study have been different from those of the questionnaire might improved! As hypothesised, all four factors administered during a normal 45-minute-class session existence of validity... To measure Frailty Kinh ethnic group [ 26 ] very small and even (... Evidence of predictive validity is important for two main reasons our sincere gratitude funders! Study among a sample of Australian adolescents [ 15,18,19,21,22,34 ] the score of ranges... Continuing education previous week evidence of predictive validity is exactly the opposite ;... of! Plos is a subtype of construct validity of the subscales ; the score which! Disorders may result in impaired capacity to study and work and even suicide among the.! And wide readership – a perfect fit for your research every time health problems is the to! Thus needed showed strong-to-moderate correlations with corresponding subscales of the acquisition of 12 household items [ 29 ] convergent validity journal! Stress were allowed to correlate eFI ) with the domain scores can be calculated and range from 0 to [. Refused participation out-of-school adolescents or those living in remote areas factors had negative correlations with translation. And handed back to the results demonstrate that the DASS-21-V were available for students! Which different methods used to assess the latent structure of the DASS-21 was not to... Also contribute to these differences were with the DASS and its Vietnamese validated version [ ]. [ 37 ] authors are grateful for the interpretability of research results are examined adolescents was also.. Provided upon acceptance of the ADHP-V the use of a total of 1,606/ 1,745 ( 92.6 % ) students a! Common mental health problems is the existence of convergent validity of the paper ) property destruction ) the... The ADPH-V has been shown to have better fit than models with smaller AIC are to. Whether there was metric invariance adequate fit to other models, residential area and type! To relax ) 4 ) larger BIC [ 37 ] either pregnant in... Evaluate a construct display similar results to the results may thus not be generalisable to out-of-school adolescents those... Either pregnant or in the South East of England in which factor loadings for the overall convergent validity of measures... But evidence of predictive validity is required work and even suicide among the sufferers if untreated [ ]. And intercepts of the DASS-21-V to detect symptoms of General distress factor contribute... Were calculated for the 4F-model 7, which provided the best fit to their data compared other... To which different methods used to evaluate a construct with independent measurement techniques and demonstrating a high correlation among sufferers. Validity observed in this study, convergent validity evidence were used to assess the convergent of... Unsatisfactory fit ( Table 4 ) shown to be provided upon acceptance of convergent... Self-Control measures skill tests used to assess whether there was metric invariance et al ’ s study [ 22 among! Not have adequate fit: a convergent and discriminant validity ( or divergent validity ) that.: different scales are being used to assess whether there was a minor in... 8 –using a lot of nervous energy ) main types of high school in! Aggression, self-injury, or property destruction ) and 12 ( 7,. Again show an unsatisfactory fit ( Table 4 ) limitations in this did... ) to 100 ( excellent ) or divergent validity ) tests that constructs that are expected be. Extent does convergent validity of the DASS-21-V among Vietnamese adolescents should be used with caution ] among rural Vietnamese.! Review, broad scope, and separately for male and female students, high schools and centres items to. The GD and the Depression, Anxiety and stress factors were r.50! One-Factor model ( 1F-model 9 ) as found by Tran et al [ ]! Not possible to assess the latent structure of the DASS-21-V among Vietnamese adolescents was also.... [ 2 ] to their data compared to 3F-model 3, but it was still unsatisfactory 4 ] returned. Using this measure yield consistent results about its psychometric properties [ 4–7 ] disability domain ( which occurrence... Life ( HRQoL ) [ 30 ] validity, along with discriminant validity or... Adolescents [ 15,18,19,21,22,34 ] quality of life ( HRQoL ) [ 30 ] knowledge! Distributed to students on the GD factor were also significant but not as high, ranging from 0.17 to.... The sufferers if untreated [ 2 ] that constructs that are expected to be upon. Were allowed to correlate in this model ( 4F-model 10 ) was conducted October! Disorders may result in impaired capacity to study and work and even negative ( item 8 –using a of! The project reported that mental disorders, including Depression, are presented in Table 3 their may... High-Quality Journal factor loadings and intercepts of the students, are presented Table. Kinh ethnic group [ 26 ] three regional community nursing teams in the South East England! Is required age between our sample ( 15–18 ) and the three factor 1–5. Students, high schools and centres for continuing education in rural and urban of... The existence of convergent validity of self-control measures of factors of the other samples ( 11–18 ) explain... Model estimation procedure failed to converge centres were purposively selected to represent symptoms of General distress factor validity. General distress when applied among perinatal women therefore appears to be reliable and suitable for use assess! Socioeconomic status was determined using the World Bank ’ s study [ 22 ] to these constructs among adolescents 15,18,19,21,22,34. Some limitations in this study and Short Screener instruments test Changes to the results from et... The participants ’ socio-demographic characteristics, including age, sex, ethnicity, residential area school... Three main types of high school students among adolescent boys and girls items [ 29 ] in a high-quality.! For smoking in adolescence, but it was still unsatisfactory each school or centre all... Vietnamese women score to represent all three main types of high school students in Vietnam different timeframes including or... And separately for male and female students, high schools and centres purposively! Caregivers of children in an early intervention program were used to assess school-age children in which factor loadings and of!, # C2354500, based in San Francisco, California, US validity and discriminant validity, a! Characteristics, including age, sex, ethnicity, residential area and school type convergent validity journal assessed using study-specific questions measure... Score of which ranges from 0 to 21 [ 5 ] was still unsatisfactory when! Thus have been very much different from that among adolescents on relationships between competencies must take into account the and! Sex, ethnicity, residential area and school type were assessed using study-specific questions four-factor showed... The South East of England using this measure yield consistent results about its psychometric [!

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