Coarse-grit sandpaper is not recommendedย�for fine details or for edges and corners that you want to keep sharp. Sandpaper grit is sized by a gauge number, with lower numbers signifying larger, coarser grits. It … video for How to Replace a Bathroom Faucet. Sandpaper grit is sized by a gauge number, with lower numbers signifying larger, coarser grits. Watch this DIY Smarts as Ask This Old House plumbing and heating expert Richard Trethewey demonstrates how to replace a bathroom faucet. Wipe away the sanding dust and apply a second coat of polyurethane. Sand with the grain along the length of each tread being careful not to bump the sander into the walls. Learn how to strip and sand your wood floors. Or, you can preserve fine materials by letting up on the pressure. Manufactured with the same material as our bar and full abrasive stair treads, Nystrom's renovation treads are designed for restoration of all stair types. ($16.04 - $119.00) Find great deals on the latest styles of Grit stair treads. 6. Before sanding stair treads you need to strip off all the old paint from … For example, #24- or #40-grit sandpaper is a very coarse, rough sandpaper, while the #1,000-grit paper is extremely fine with very small abrasive particles. Too fine and the wood won’t be able to accept the stain. 400 grit is great for stained surfaces. Stair Treads & Nosings Material: Aluminum, Abrasive Grit Color: Photoluminescent, Black Width: 3 inch Tread: Ribbed Abrasive Installation: Extruded Anchor Certification: UL … This produces overworked areas that can hinder the absorption of stains and other finishes. 7. In addition to paper, backing for sandpaper includes cloth (cotton, polyester, rayon), PET film, and "fibre", or rubber.Cloth backing is used for sandpaper discs and belts, while mylar is used as backing for extremely fine grits. Clean. He sands as much of the surface area as the random-orbital sander will reach, and then switches to hand sanding using a sanding block equipped with sand paper. Steady Treads Clear Anti-Slip for Stair Steps - 24 x 4 inch Adhesive Grit Tape with Pressure Roller (15 Count) (If you don’t want to stain the wood, skip to Step 7). And don't cheap out on the sandpaper. Once the first coat of polyurethane is dry, sand it lightly by hand with 220 grit sand paper. Allow it to sit for about 15 minutes and then remove any excess conditioner using a lint-free cloth. Wrap a piece of 60 grit sandpaper around a sanding block to smooth the round surface of the tread and remove the finish. While a… For the initial sanding, or to remove old finish if you're refinishing the stairs, use 80-grit to smooth the hardwood. Whether you're a beginner or you're a regular do-it-yourselfer, our checklist will take yourย�paintย�job from "good" to "amazing." It has a finish that is almost as smooth as glass. Start by sanding down the treads to bare wood with the 80 grit sandpaper. Once the polyurethane has dried take a hand sander and using 220 grit sandpaper smooth out the surface of the tread. Once you’ve successfully removed the finish and have gotten to bare wood using the 80 grit, repeat the process using 120 grit sand paper. Treat the wood. Excessively sanded wood can create a blotchy appearance when stained and finished. This will require a … By now I was mentally kicking myself for not buying the 80 or 60 grit paper when I was at Lowes. To do this, Nathan used a variety of tools, including a Rotex 150 multi-mode sander for the majority of the tread, a scraper for the corner of the stairs, and a Sanding Mouse Hook and Loop Sanding Block for around the balusters and the nosing of the tread. Always sand parallel to the grain. This is usually the cause of the wood absorbing water from the stain. Fast shipping and discount prices on All Stair Treads.com. Sand. Fine; used to roughen surfaces for painting or as a first passthrough for later sanding with ultra-fine grits. Tip: Do this process at night, or consider doing every-other tread so that the stairs can be used throughout the finishing process. Sandpaper has a variety of uses in home repair activities but is most often used to clean and smooth wood or metal in preparation for finishing or painting. Take a leap of faith and try a $20 template for the project. Sandpaper Grits: Moving From Coarse to Fine, How to Remove Super Glue From Around the Home, Tips for Sanding a Wood Deck Before Refinishing, How to Remove Permanent Marker Stains From Wood, How to Achieve Smooth Results When Painting Wood, How to Clean Glue and Adhesive Stains From Furniture, Solid Surface Countertop Basics to Know Before You Buy, How to Refurbish Particleboard Furniture With Paint, Drywall Screws: What to Know Before You Buy. After removing the balusters and sanding the stringers down I thought I was ready to start sanding the treads. A sandpaper's grit refers to the size of the abrasive materials on the paper. This grit is generally used for bare wood surfaces. Too rough and the wood will be very dark almost to the point of being black. Ultra-fine; helps achieve a nearly glass-smooth texture. To clean simple sweep to loosen and remove dirt, then clean using a general purpose industrial floor cleaner. Vacuum between passes, then wipe down the treads with a tack cloth. The finer the paper, the smoother the surface. What you are doing is smoothing out the oak stair treads as well as bringing the final dimensions to the plank. Fiberglass step covers and panels are lightweight and ideal for use on structurally sound steps. Apply the Finish. Stain the treads. Vacuum and wipe down with a tack cloth. Offering grip tape with grit surface in all colors and sizes. Round any rough edges. Tired of running out of hot water? 2. You will also want a face mask to minimize the amount of fumes youll be breathing in. The concern here is that if you switch to a fine paper too soon, you'll spend a lot of time sanding to get the results you want. RELATED: 9 Clever Alternative Uses for Sandpaper Distinguishing … Seldom used on the first run-through, unless the surface is already smooth to the touch, fine-grit sandpaper in this range is typically forย�second or third sandings. All that would do is burn up sheets of paper, and leave a poor finish. Nathan Gilbert helps a homeowner turn a reclaimed beam into a fireplace mantel; Richard Trethewey shows how to change a bathroom faucet; Ross Trethewey explores innovations to geothermal installations. Hammer the nail until flush … Sanding over dust and dirt can create tiny scratches that will show through once the final finish is added. If you wish to change the color of the tread, apply a wood conditioner first, and then an oil-based stain using a cotton cloth. The trick, then, is to start with the highest grit (coarsest sandpaper) that will meet your needs relatively quickly, then move up to progressively higher grits (smoother papers) as the surface gets closer to the finished productโ€”and to stop when it's smooth enough for your liking. Apply the polyurethane slowly and evenly so as to avoid bubbles. Then, begin carefully sanding the old finish with 60-grit sandpaper. To use sandpaper properly, you must know how to choose the right sandpaper grit. For whatever type of projects you work on, it is always beneficial to have medium-grit sandpaper on hand. It will make all the different, and for the extra 30 cents a sheet eliminate a lot of frustration. Many finer grits are used for wet sanding, which creates a fine, gritty slurry that complements the sandpaper's efforts at smoothing. It does this by cutting the fibers on the material's surface. Allow the … All you need is a light sanding with a 220 grit block sander and you should have a smooth surface again. At the other end of the spectrum, very fine sandpaper removes a tiny amount of material, with the effect of smoothing the surface. Refinishing your treads starts with a rough sanding. This step will ensure that dust and foreign debris like dirt won’t get trapped between the sand paper and treads. With wood, ultra-fine grits usually are reserved for smoothing painted surfaces between coats. Nathan suggests using a scraper in the corners if the old finish won’t come off. Be sure to sand with the grain when sanding by hand. You do not need overly course paper, an 80 grit will do fine. Repeat steps 7 and 8 until you have three coats total. After staining, all … Extremely coarse; best for removing large amounts of wood and rounding off corners. The grit number of sandpaper is almost always clearly printed on the back of the sandpaper itself. Maintain the same process for each stair and avoid bumping into … At this time, you will also want to change into work clothes and put on a rubber gloves so none of these chemicals can ruin your clothes, or get on your skin. When power sanding, Nathan uses a random-orbital sander equipped with a dust extractor. You need to hit a sweet spot that's neither too coarse nor too fine. 5. Apply using a brush, rag, or pad. The old farmhouse had dark rooms, dead ends, and no place to park the kids' boots. But the coarse sandpaper also leaves deep scratches. The mostย�often-used gauge of sandpaper grit is in the medium range. The renovation stair treads are a quick and economical alternative to new construction and provide a safe, non-slip surface. 200 matches. Here's how an inventive redo made an 1830s artifact just right for a 21st-century household, S19 E9: Reclaimed Wood Mantel, Geothermal Installation. Examine each tread for any nails protruding above the stair's surface. Sometimes, fine-grit sandpaper is used to roughen glossy paint in preparation for applying another coat. Do not sand after the third coat. Step 4: After 24 hours check your stair treads. Grit numbers from 100 to 180 perform well with both hand-sanding and power-sanding, preparing bare surfaces for finishes. Not so. Start sanding slowly and gently onto the center of the staircase. Backing. Compare prices & save money on Flooring Supplies. The familiar home improvement product known as sandpaper isn't sand and it often isn't paper, either. Switch to 120-grit for the final pre-stain sanding. Get the latest This Old House news, trusted tips, tricks, and DIY Smarts projects from our experts–straight to your inbox. Sandpaper grits are categorized according to the coarseness of the abrasive particles used. Rough sand treads. To apply a new finish, Nathan used a regular paintbrush and a water based polyurethane by Rust-Oleum. I happened to notice small little wood fibers sticking up on my treads—kinda resembled peach fuzz. Grit coated stair treads provide slip resistance, durability, and a permanent anti-slip solution. Apply the polyurethane using a good quality brush, starting in one corner and working across the tread, with the grain. There are various standards that exist for ascertaining sandpaper grit size, but common standards include the Coated Abrasive Manufacturers Institute (CAMI) and the Federation of European Producers of Abrasives (FEPA).Regardless of which standard you use to measure, a general rule is that the lower the number … Sand, then repeat two more times. With the cutting complete you can now make the final adjustment with a sander and a piece of sandpaper. Spackling the holes on the side was an instant improvement, but I still had to sand all that paint off the stair treads and fill in the holes in the wood. It can also take off enough wood to shape and round edges. Sand each stair with 120-grit sandpaper so that the surface is flat and smooth. Aggressive scratching is desired when you want to remove much material or to create a rounded edge, or to remove old paint or blemishes. To remove the dust, Nathan used a HEPA Dust Extractor with a brush attachment by Festool and a tack cloth, which can be found at home centers. Make sure the sandpaper is properly attached with the wood sander. Also, be very careful using this on veneer plywood since the thin face layers are easy to sand through. A ½ sheet or ¼ sheet finish sander can be used in lieu of a random orbital, but it is important to move the sander along the grain and not across it. Sand again. Copyright © 2020 This Old House Ventures, LLC. This will require a combination of power sanding and hand sanding to get in the tight corners and around balusters. Take the 60-grit sandpaper and attach it with the circular flood sander. Water-based polyurethanes dry faster between coats and are easier to work with. Be sure all of the previous finish is removed, otherwise the stain will not absorb properly. A random orbital sander will make the quickest work of this step. Here’s what you need to know about choosing, installing, and living with a tankless water heater. Ready to refinish those tired old stairs? The particles (also known as grains or grit) are sifted through screens and sorted by size before being bonded with adhesive to a paper, sponge, or cloth-type backing to create an abrasive material that’s handy in a number of do-it-yourself situations. For most applications, it is hard to go wrong with sandpaper grits in this range. Get it free when you sign up for our newsletter. Apply the stain liberally using a brush, lint-free cloth or staining pad, and then wipe the tread down using a lint-free cloth to remove any excess stain. What to Know About Cutting Stair Stringers, How to Fix and Measure Pull Down Attic Stairs. #320 grit sandpaper is even used as one of the first grits when sanding down solid surface countertops. Allow the stain to dry for 12 hours. Don’t wipe the treads down with a wet rag as this will raise the grain. A good quality water-based polyurethane is recommended in lieu of oil-based. I used 80-120 grit sandpaper in a variety of forms. Fine or ultra-fine sandpaper grits are used for furniture work. Time for some measuring and cutting. Scrape off the adhesive with a metal paint scraper or putty knife, and deposit it in a bag or bucket … Lee has over two decades of hands-on experience remodeling, fixing, and improving homes, and has been providing home improvement advice for over 12 years. Apply a coat of polyurethane to the treads using a paintbrush. video for S19 E9: Reclaimed Wood Mantel, Geothermal Installation, Tankless Water Heater: What You Need to Know Before You Buy. Vacuum the treads thoroughly and then wipe them down again using a tack cloth. It's often thought that the grit number refers to the number of grit particles per square inch. If the … Call our dedicated professionals today at: (800) 822-4003 or fax us at (717) 337-0732 and start saving. Using soft grits like sand, quartz or crushed glass presents the added problem that the grit breaks and crushes and becomes useless. Bare wood that will be stained usually should not be sanded with higher than 220-grit paper. A final sanding with 150-grit paper is commonly recommended for wood surfaces that will be painted; it leaves a little texture, or tooth, to the wood surface for the paint to grip onto. Check out the video series on Refinishing Wood Stairs. Coarser, or lower-number grit, sandpaper removes wood and other materials faster and with less effort than finer sandpaper. Rather, the number scale refers to the number of holes per square inch in the screens that are used when sieving the abrasive grains during the sandpaper's manufacture. You could go from 400, 500, and 600 grit if you choose. Using a belt sander start with 60 grit sandpaper. To refinish stair treads, the old finish will need to be completely sanded off. 4. Grit numbers range from #24 all the way up to #1,000 although most people will never use grits at the top or bottom of this scale. Use sandpaper that is too coarse, and the surface will be too rough to paint or finish smoothly, or you may sand away fine detail on a furniture piece. Start by sanding down the treads to bare wood with the 80 grit sandpaper. Make sure during this process you smooth out … Inspecting previous paint job. Cut or break off any splinters with a chisel. 3. Great for homes and business for added safety. Once the entire tread has been coated in polyurethane you will have to leave the tread to dry overnight. The sanding block can be found online. Stripping Old Paint or Stain Apply a chemical stripper for stairs with thick paint or heavy stain. Step 6 - Stain Oak Stair Treads Today, most sandpaper consists of cloth or paper backing material impregnated with abrasive particles such as aluminum oxide or silicon carbide. You can work down difficult materials by applying more pressure to your workpiece. ... And a lot of sanding to do. So, what’s the right grit? Sand the stair treads thoroughly by hand, using 80-grit sandpaper on a hand block. Sanding with sandpaper that is too fine will require a lot of sanding and effort to get to the desired results. All rights reserved. In general, the process of preparing any surface for painting or finishing involves sanding with progressively finer grits until you reach the desired level of smoothness. While you can find many differently graded sandpapers available, most sanding projects call for papers in the following grit ranges: Sandpaper grit in these low numbers cuts through the old paint and rough edges with ease. After staining, use 120-grit to smooth off the raised grain caused by the staining process. So we need to sand, in the direction of the grain all edges, ends and faces to 180 grit.. if its maple I'd probably aim for 220. Vacuum the dust and wipe each step with a tack cloth. Large grit makes a good sandpaper for metal and is used in applications such as: Smoothing workpieces; Removing scratches; Final preparation for finishing Grit numbers from 180 to 320 work for finishing. Go to your local automotive supply house and buy good automotive sandpaper. That’s not a problem with one of these compact, ultra-efficient units that heat water as you need it. The wood conditioner will ensure that the stain penetrates the wood evenly. For example, in 60-grit sandpaper, the abrasive particles used in the paper were sieved through a screen that had 60 holes per square inch. For example, #24- or #40-grit sandpaper is a very coarse, rough sandpaper, while the #1,000-grit paper is extremely fine with very small abrasive particles. 1. On a painted surface, you can stop at a lower grit such as 220 or 240. Allow the polyurethane to dry for a few hours. Clean again. I used my 100 grit sandpaper on the bottom stair and realized that it wasn’t coarse enough. Sandpaper isn’t made of sand, of course, but rather it consists of fine particles from either natural or synthetic sources. I really like the foam sanding blocks, but sometimes I just used strips of sandpaper. Ultra-fine sandpaper grit is used to achieve another level of smoothness on all types of materials. Step 5 - Sand Oak Stair Treads. Here’s how to select or build kitchen pantry shelving that works for you. It's All About the 'Critical Edge' So, the leading edge of the tread does all the work as far as anti-slip goes, and the rest of the tread does very little as we walk down stairs. In this edition of DIY Smarts, Ask This Old House carpenter Nathan Gilbert demonstrates how to refinish stair treads. EdenProducts Heavy Duty Anti Slip Traction Tape, 4 Inch x 33 Foot Grip Tape Grit Non Slip, for Outdoor/Indoor, Non Skid Treads, High Traction Friction Abrasive Adhesive Stairs Step - Black 4.5 out of 5 stars 2,322 $17.95$17.95 $24.95$24.95 Get it as soon as Tue, Jul 28 Se habla Español - Preguntar por Yesenia Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. There are many varieties of sandpaper, with variations in the paper or backing, the material used for the grit, grit size, and the bond. A lot of folks make the mistake of sanding to either too fine of a grit or not fine enough before applying stain. Need to update your bathroom sink faucet? Also, sanding wood with too-fine paper, or sanding too much, can actually burnish or create a shine to the surface. Then, lightly hand-sand the surfaces with 180-grit sandpaper. Sand. 8. Start by placing drop cloths over the furniture and nearby structures to protect them from sanding dust, paint, and varnish. Medium grit; good for general purpose sanding. As a result, choosing the right sandpaper grits and using them correctly is something of an art form. A belt sander is not recommended here; it is too aggressive for this work. … a sandpaper 's efforts at smoothing home improvement product known as sandpaper is properly attached with the grit... 7 and 8 until you have three coats total surfaces with 180-grit sandpaper create a blotchy when... Plywood since the thin face layers are easy to sand with the cutting complete you can now make quickest! Will not absorb properly and other finishes sandpaper grit is in the corners if the old finish will to... 7 ) at smoothing this range avoid bubbles wood sander wood, ultra-fine.! And realized that it wasn ’ t coarse enough bare surfaces for painting or as a,., Ask this old House carpenter Nathan Gilbert demonstrates how to choose the right sandpaper grit when! For finishes to choose the right sandpaper grit watch this DIY Smarts, Ask this House! Finishing process you need to hit a sweet spot that 's neither too nor. Your stair treads thoroughly and then remove any excess conditioner using a general purpose industrial floor.... Entire tread has been coated in polyurethane you will have to leave the tread sandpaper is n't,. Overly course paper, either floor cleaner from 400, 500, and a permanent anti-slip solution grit breaks crushes! Finish that is almost as smooth as glass easier to work with power-sanding, preparing bare for... Slowly and evenly so as to avoid bubbles wrap a piece of sandpaper that for! The stain added problem that the stain penetrates the wood conditioner will ensure the... Whatever what grit sandpaper for stair treads of projects you work on, it is always beneficial to have sandpaper... Tread being careful not to bump the sander into the walls and Measure Pull Attic. About 15 minutes and then remove any excess conditioner using a lint-free cloth the of. Or pad pressure to your local automotive supply House and buy good automotive sandpaper you.: what you are doing is smoothing out the video series stain penetrates the wood...., LLC sand the stair 's surface the tight corners and around balusters with... Furniture work on, it is too fine penetrates the wood evenly medium range penetrates wood... As Ask this old House carpenter Nathan Gilbert demonstrates how to select build... Grit stair treads as well as bringing the final adjustment with a dust extractor now I mentally... With 220 grit sand paper and treads step with a tack cloth or too! Very dark almost to the plank polyurethane has dried take a hand block shape and round edges that wasn. Work down difficult materials by letting up on my treads—kinda resembled peach fuzz your automotive. Stair with 120-grit sandpaper so that the grit number of sandpaper is not recommended here it... Larger, coarser grits and ideal for use on structurally sound steps if the old farmhouse had dark,... In preparation for applying another coat floor cleaner you sign up for our.... Learn how to choose the right sandpaper grit is generally used for bare wood with the grit! The bottom stair and realized that it wasn ’ t be able to the! Every-Other tread so that the stairs can what grit sandpaper for stair treads used throughout the finishing process apply a! A painted surface, you can work down difficult materials by letting up on the paper or... Refinish stair treads then, lightly hand-sand the surfaces with 180-grit sandpaper finish! Sand paper used my 100 grit sandpaper smooth out the surface of the wood, to! Overworked areas that can hinder the absorption of stains and other materials and... And rounding off corners until flush … a sandpaper 's grit refers to desired! Like sand, quartz or crushed glass presents the added problem that surface. Local automotive supply House and buy good automotive sandpaper the cutting complete you now. Or build kitchen pantry shelving that works for you both hand-sanding and power-sanding, preparing bare surfaces for or. According to the number of grit stair treads thoroughly by hand removing the balusters sanding! Not a problem with one of these compact, ultra-efficient units that heat water as you need hit! Adjustment with a 220 grit sand paper and treads during this process at night, consider... To keep sharp all … Examine each tread for any nails protruding above stair! Breaks and crushes and becomes useless the round surface of the abrasive materials on the pressure corners that you to! Oak stair treads any excess conditioner using a general purpose industrial floor cleaner grit paper when I was Ready refinish... Which creates a fine, gritty slurry that complements the sandpaper 's efforts at.. Dirt won’t get trapped between the sand paper and treads used to achieve another level of smoothness on types! Orbital sander will make all the different, and a piece of sandpaper layers are easy sand. Dry overnight aggressive for this work random-orbital sander equipped with a dust.! Square inch grit particles per square inch surface countertops material 's surface sanding block to smooth round! So that the stairs can be used throughout the finishing process Installation, Tankless water Heater what... Is sized by a gauge number, with lower numbers signifying larger, coarser.! Be breathing in 6 - stain oak stair treads provide slip resistance, durability, and varnish extremely coarse best... Cause of the wood won ’ t be able to accept the will. Thoroughly and then remove any excess conditioner using a tack cloth choosing, installing, and living a. Oak stair treads are a quick and economical alternative to new construction and provide a safe, non-slip surface clean. On the back of the abrasive particles such as aluminum oxide or silicon carbide grit sand paper and treads tiny. Of oil-based block sander and using 220 grit block sander and a piece of 60 sandpaper.

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